According to Wikipedia “family law” is an area of law handling domestic relations and family-related issues. This includes, but is not limited to domestic partnerships, civil unions, and marriage. It deals with issues that arise during a marriage, including child abduction, child abuse, surrogacy, adoption, legitimacy, and spousal abuse. It also handles the termination of a relationship and the ancillary matters including parental responsibility orders, alimony, property settlements, annulment, and divorce.
While family law at solicitors in Surrey covers every aspect of a family, which includes the ‘unit of people living together for many reasons’. There are many aspects relating to a “family” in various contexts, depending on which part of the world the family resides.
Family often means a group of people who are affiliated by a co-residence, affinity, or consanguinity.
Co-residence means individuals or groups of people who live in the same residence and carry out family responsibilities. It can also mean a household. This may include a parent and a child or children. It can also include other members who share blood ties or live together for another reason.
Affinity, as it relates to family, means an attraction of relation, feeling, or kinship by marriage.
Consanguinity means together by blood. This refers to people who are descended from a common ancestor. This is an important legal aspect used to determine if people can marry and when determining who should inherit property when a person dies without making a will.
Family law cannot be confined to governmental, economic, or social regulations. There are too many complexities and aspects involved in human relations. The laws in some countries have varying legalities based on each country’s intrinsic familial and social rules and guidelines.
Starting and stark contrasts govern legislation in some parts of the world. For example, some societies are governed by patriarchal laws and others are matriarchal. In some parts of Europe, before the modern legal system, the Church handled most law enforcement.
Historically, family law was based on European feudalism. Family law underwent rapid change and was redefined, in the 1970s. This was part of a wider national debate, regarding morality, gender bias, and family values.
There have been many changes in some areas of family law, including family property, child custody, and divorce. Such rapid changes enable a quick fix solution to child support, child custody, alimony, and divorce. There has been widespread criticism from many quarters which views rising cases of disharmony and marital discord as a dangerous trend, all over the world.
Family law is an important area of legal studies. There are many law schools offering elective courses on family law. The bar exam tests knowledge of this area. Furthermore, as family law evolves, the national debate about family continues. One notable change is the broadening of family law to include couples that don’t choose to get married.
Today, the family unit has evolved. There may be a shortened or concise version of co-resident families in the past. Relationships have evolved which means there are new legal aspects being formulated to cope with these changes. Family law is adapting to meet the complexities of modern life, modern families, and other emerging trends.